Deism [dee-iz-uh m] noun
belief in the existence of a God on the evidence of reason and nature only, with rejection of supernatural revelation (distinguished from theism). belief in a God who created the world but has since remained indifferent to it. “God’s alleged disclosure to man of himself.” (Steven Gibbel) Deistic thinking has existed since ancient times. Among the Ancient Greeks, Heraclitus conceived of a logos, a supreme rational principle, and said the wisdom “by which all things are steered through all things” was “both willing and unwilling to be called Zeus (God)”. Plato envisaged God as a Demiurge or ‘craftsman’. Outside ancient Greece many other cultures have expressed views that resemble deism in some respects. However, the word “deism”, as it is understood today, is generally used to refer to the movement toward natural theology or freethinking that occurred in 17th-century Europe, and specifically in Britain.(Wikipedia)(Jacob Bergstedt)
Diesm some say was developed as an attempt to bring unity out of a chaos of theological and philosophical discussion.
Diesm is derived from the Latin word deus meaning “god”
three features constituting the core of deism:
Rejection of religions based on books that claim to contain the revealed word of God. Rejection of religious dogma and demagogy. Skepticism of reports of miracles, prophecies and religious “mysteries.” (Mikayla Danielson)
Deists believe that anyone who studies plants, animals, or minerals are lowering themselves. They think that people who study the body are wasting their time because it only matters to study the spirit. (Amy Lindenberg)
Newtons theory orderly God-orderly universe-machine or clock-other wrong conclusions (Gracie Tripp)
They believe that the only paths towards knowledge are logic and reasoning.
They respect portions of the holy texts of other religions, like the Torah, Christian Scriptures (New Testament) and Qur’an. However, they believe that these books are errant because they were written by humans; they do not believe that any of these books can be considered inherrent, inspired by God or the Word of God.
They believe that miracles do not happen. The “world operates by natural and self-sustaining laws of the creator.” 1That is, the world continues to function under the same laws that God initially established. (Mark Franz)
– Started in 17th century
– to bring unity for theological and philosophical debates
– started the development of the practice of science
– originally it was only good to study God
– Deists believed you could only see God in nature(the clockwork) so studying nature was good
– Clockwork God
– Reason is the only way
– Throw away revelation
– Theology was considered the greatest science
– Deism throws away any personal relationship with the Creator
– Its one of the less platonic forms of religion